This was also the time of Athens' fall, which proclaimed Sparta superior in the constant war of the two empires. The following is a collection of the most used terms in this article on Athens and Sparta. Sparta vs. Athens. Others were chosen by a method called ‘lot’ voting. This was the Peloponnesian War. Athens had a general defect to the enemy when his life was threatened in Athens and he told the spartans how to defeat the Athenians. World Bank Democracy Economy based on trade This conflict, the Peloponnesian War, essentially was a 28-year period of on and off civil war among Greek city-states. Due to soil erosion and less vegetation, water was a very scanty commodity in Sparta. The Fall of Athens. Sparta seemed to be content with themselves and provided their army whenever required. The spartan tradition was based on military prowess. Sparta's were from the richer groups of people and were influenced by kings. What was the most important focal point in ancient times. They could also own property by themselves. Men were responsible to get the crops grown and harvested, but everyone in the family helped, unless the … Sparta is also known by the name “Lacedaemon”. Sparta was the Dorian Greek military state, considered as the protector of Greece as it was providing large army to Greece for many years. Athens has been continuously inhabited for at least 3,000 years, becoming the leading city of ancient Greece in the first millennium BCE; its cultural achievements during the 5th century BCE laid the foundations of western civilization. In the modern times, apart from many other things signifying strong friendly ties between these two cities, there is a sports event titled “Spartathlon” which takes place every year commencing in Athens and ending in Sparta with athletes from the global community participating in the event. A+. This was an area close by to the markets and social centre of Athens, the “agora”. After the war many Greek men became mercenaries for Persia. However, the above is not the only difference. PELOPONNESIAN WAR. Athens and Sparta were the most powerful empire and city- states in Greece 2,500 years ago. Spartiates-the military leadership who ruled the barracks. Edit or create new comparisons in your area of expertise. J.-C. (-510--404) sont les deux principales puissances de la Grèce antique. These slaves used to help the Spartans complete their daily activities such as farming, labour etc. a war between Athens and Sparta. These two cities were both powerful and famous but significantly different. Athens operated a democratic system of government, while it neighbor the Sparta operated a military system of government. Their economy was mainly based on agriculture. not as military based, and required military service was only two years for citizens. They understood the importance of such growth and concentrated on them besides on military strength. Athens was the first ever city to introduce the democratic form of government while Sparta was the first ever city that was ruled by two different kings as an oligarchy. Men: Men in Ancient Athens were the only real citizens. Spartans used to capture fellow Greeks and turn them into slaves. Five Ephors were elected annually, accompanied by two kings, who passed on the crowns to their chosen sons. STUDY. Known as the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.E. Athens Versus Sparta Worksheets This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Athens Versus Sparta across 26 in-depth pages. Lasted 30 years – Sparta won! Both sides experienced major victories and crushing defeats, and the war was frequently interrupted by periods of negotiated peace. That is why it considered itself as the protector of the Greek. Other cities became jealous of Athens's power (Sparta especially!) Under the alliance, Sparta would lead the troops of all the cities in war – a unified army under Spartiate control. After the way, two leagues of alliances were formed. The process by which this was undertaken was by a simple shouting of ‘yes’ or ‘no’. However, the above is not the only difference. SPARTA. As a whole, the five Ephors had the power to overrule the Kings, but tended to keep to religious and militaristic duties. Sparta, on the other hand, was recognized for its military strength. (A city-state was a city, such as Athens, and the surrounding country under its influence and protection; Athens and its surrounding area, known as Attica, was about the size of Rhode Island). by Van Bryan on February 19, 2019. Sparta was divided into three main social classes: 1. Tradition relates that Sparta was founded by its first king, Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and Taygete, who named the city after his wife, the daughter of Eurotas, around 1000 BCE. Greatest military power among the city-states. Athens had a form of democratic government. Athens Vs. Sparta Throughout the ancient world there were two dominating empires. Thanks! In Athens women did chores such as weaving or cooking, but in Sparta the women were free of all such chores. One of the two significant rivals of ancient Greece is Athens and Sparta. The cities of Athens and Sparta were bitter rivals in ancient Greece. Sparta Vs. Athens. Athens was renowned as a center of wisdom and learning. Sparta is located in the southern region in Greece known as Laconia. which ultimately led to their decline. Ask Any Difference is a website that is owned and operated by Indragni Solutions. Whether girl education was the norm in ancient times? Athens displayed such a wonderful architecture that even Spartans who once defeated Athens were amazed by the beauty of the region that though they captured the city they did not destroy the artifacts. A few years later, Athens tried to conquer Sicily, but the Sicilians defeated Athens. Athens and Sparta were two rival city-states, while the latter had very well trained military and soldiers, the former boasted of a good navy. Sparta & Athens. In Athens and Attica, there were at least 150,000 Athenians, … Sparta was an “Oligarchy”. Now I understand the difference between these two city-states. Athens, on the other hand, wanted to control more and more of the land around them. Women, children and slaves were considered below men. Sparta. Rassurés par leur issue victorieuse des guerres médiques, les Grecs n'ont pas tardé à s'affaiblir par ses guerres intestines. Athens vs. Sparta: How the Second Peloponnesian War Was Won. Men even serviced the army after the age of 60 years. Athens and Sparta had some similarities in their government. Geographically they are very close to each other, but have sometimes had very different values, lifestyles, and cultures. Athens and its allies, known as the Delian League, came into conflict with the Spartans and the Peloponnesian league, and in 431 BC a war broke out between the two cities - a war based on trade routes, rivalries, and tributes paid by smaller dependent states. Athens though did not have a significant military power but had a commendable naval warship which led to defeating the Persians in multiple wars emerging as a primary naval power in the region of Greece. Home of many ancient philosophers, historians, and authors. Historically Athens was going to win. The differences between Athens and Sparta eventually led to war between the two city-states. The war ended in 404 BC with the defeat of Athens and its democracy. Like Athens's government, Sparta had three branches, but the roles of each branch was very different: The Assembly—At the bottom of the government pyramid was the Assembly.Like in Athens, the assembly was made up of all free male citizens, but the similarities stopped there. Though during ancient times, Athens and Sparta were fighting battles against each other, the situation changed slowly. Athens and Sparta are one of the highly distinguished cities in Greece. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens had a formal democracy arrangement and rooted in the philosophy of arts and learning, whereas Sparta had an organisation where a small group of people had control of the region with a military mindset. Diffen LLC, n.d. Family ties in Athens were stronger and women were legally the dependents of their husbands or their father. In Sparta women were stronger and they formed liaisons with men as they chose. The respective alliances of Sparta and Athens during the Peloponnesian war, reflected their spheres of geographic and military dominance. How was the government based in ancient times? … On the other hand, Athens was a democracy, which meant “rule by the people” – “demos” (people, or the masses) and “kratis” (rule). Athens is considered to be an originator of literature, intellect, arts, architecture, and modern culture. Difference Between Politics and Administration (With Table), Difference Between Law and Policy (with Table), “The purpose of Ask Any Difference is to help people know the difference between the two terms of interest. In Sparta women were stronger and they formed liaisons with men as they chose. Population & Map. In Sparta, men were mainly warriors; others were slaves. Sparta’s system of government was very exclusive and open to members of only the highest social standing. They could also own property by themselves. Sparta, Athens, or Both? Athens lost only due to treachery. Sparta, Athens, or Both? Women, children and slaves were considered below men. Have you ever wondered what it would be like to live in one of the two strongest empires 2,500 years ago? A comparison between both the terms on certain parameters can shed light on subtle aspects: Athens is an ancient city in Greece. Emblem of Sparta. Web. hired soldiers. Controlling, traditional, and conservative. However, the city of Athens was by far a much more influential and powerful city-state in comparison to Sparta. Somewhere in the early 1820s, the Greece King founded the modern city of Sparta. ), both Sparta and Athens gathered allies and fought on and off for decades because no single city-state was strong enough to conquer the others. Navy was best in the Greek world. On the other hand, the ruler of Athens is elected annually. In Athens women did chores such as weaving or cooking, but in Sparta the women were free of all such chores. Though these are not very far away from each other, there are many differences between these two states. What was the status of women in ancient times? The city lies at the southern end of the central Laconian plain, on the right bank of the Eurotas River. They could own no property apart from the family. Sparta had a powerful army and Athens knew that they could not beat them but they had the power of a naval unit which Sparta didn’t have. Athens and Sparta differed in their ideas of getting along with the rest of the Greek empires. Athens is also considered a pioneer in modern infrastructural development as a large number of temples and buildings signifying beauty and sophisticated architecture was built over some time. MERCENARIES. Athens has been a house to exceptionally talented writers, thinkers, philosophers such as Socrates, Democritus, Hippocrates, Pindar, Phidias, Plato, Aristotle to name a few. Athens, on the other hand, wanted to control more and more of the land around them. Both Athens and Sparta hold historic value for Greece and the world. After conquering many kingdoms and warring with many communities, Sparta spread to a major empire around 400 BCE. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. Sparta people were not open to education and they only concentrated on military strength and obedience and they didn't interact much with the outside world. Sparta has had two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died. If more is said about Athens than about Sparta in the present section, that is not because Athens was intrinsically more important but because the amount of usable evidence about it is incomparably greater. Learn all about the similarities and differences of the Greek City-States, Athens and Sparta! Most of the present-day western current traditions are attributed to these two regions. Athens economy was dependent more upon trade. Other purposes of the general assembly were to vote on and pass legislation and make civil decisions. Nine chief magistrates who had to undergo annual elections, Kings who either died or were thrown out from kingship. Each would take charge for about a month, and ten generals were automatically elected due to their experience. SPARTA. Sparta was content to keep to itself and provided army and assistance when necessary to other states. Some of the crucial conflict in the latest Assassin’s Creed game stems not from the classic Templar versus Assassin deathmatch politics, but instead between the competing powers of Athens … At present, Sparta is the administrative capital of the prefecture of Laconia. What the two communities had in common was that they were both thinkers. After a long period of decline under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, Athens reemerged in the 19th century as the capital of the independent Greek state. Sparta was mainly an agricultural land because of its inland location. Lived in harsh conditions without luxuries to make them good fighters. A look at the differences and similarities of the laws and rulers in Ancient Athens and Sparta. Athens was known as a peaceful city while Sparta was referred to as a city filled … Family ties in Athens were stronger and women were legally the dependents of their husbands or their father. What was the most important aspect from a defence perspective? The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens had a formal democracy arrangement and rooted in the philosophy of arts and learning, whereas Sparta had an organisation where a small group of people had control of the region with a military mindset. However, women from Sparta had more freedom compared to their counterparts in other cities. Athens’s economy ran on commerce and trading in the sea as agriculture was not prominent due to the non-availability and/or suitability of the soil. They had actually scored dozens of victories against the Spartans and Sparta was suing for … Athens was left in ruins. Education was based on physical and fitness training. We write on the topics: Food, Technology, Business, Pets, Travel, Finance, and Science”, Difference Between Athens and Sparta (With Table), https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=kdBvCwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PT6&dq=Athens+and+Sparta&ots=OQscbD4Fjw&sig=KWO5FmPrjGT7irRoobP_QuPXmSI, Comparison Table Between Athens and Sparta (in Tabular Form), Main Differences Between Athens and Sparta, Word Cloud for Difference Between Athens and Sparta, Difference Between Assertive and Aggressive (With Table), Difference Between Systolic and Diastolic (With Table), Difference Between Canon and Nikon (With Table), Difference Between Majesty and Highness (With Table), Difference Between Church and Chapel (With Table), Difference Between IntelliJ and Pycharm (With Table), Difference Between Vimeo and Zoom (With Table). The Ancient Greek “oligos” translates to “few”, while “archia” means “rule” – ‘rule by the few’. Also a Mediterranean climate, but with more rain. Venn Diagram: Athens vs. Sparta I n each circle below, identify differences between Athens vs. Sparta using the bank below. In medieval times, the city of Sparta was destroyed by many invasions. In true Greek spirit, Sparta refused to burn the city of Athens. Sparta had a clear military advantage on land, but the Athenian navy surpassed Sparta’s capabilities at sea; neither side was able to seize and maintain the upper hand. While the Spartans were more disciplined and materialistic, Athens was more democratic, and introduced the concept of voting to the Western world. Athens always wanted to conquer and rule as much land as possible, while Spartans always kept to themselves unless they were under attack or their army was needed. The Athenian form of electing a government was called Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy" (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class). Athènes et Sparte, qui sont alors les deux Etats prédominants, commencent la Guerre du Péloponnèse.Les 39 années écoulées entre la victoire remportée par Cimon en 470 et cette guerre, avaient été la plus belle époque de l'histoire de la Grèce. 14 Dec 2020. The Spartans emphasized only on expanding their power and gaining control over other kingdoms while the Athenians also grew infrastructure wise in ancient times. Athens was the centre for arts, learning and philosophy while Sparta was a warrior state. Athens has given birth to prominent creative and imaginative people in diverse fields such as mathematics, sciences, history etc. Athens had a Mediterranean climate with great amount of precipitation, whereas Sparta had fairly temperate but very dry climate. 5000 to 6000 men were narrowed down to a group of 500, who would then be divided into groups of 50. Sparta. Girls in ancient Athens were ready to marry after reaching puberty, at 12 or 13. The Delian league with Athens and the Peloponnesian League with Sparta. Sparta had an oligarchy form and had a classic military or autocratic rule. my teacher was so impressed. By 432 BC, Athens had become the most populous city-state in Hellas. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge. In the Greek-Persian battles, Athens partnered with Sparta to defeat the Persians driving them out. Known in Greek as Sparti. Unlike Sparta, in Athens, boys were not forced to join the army. It can be considered as one of the prominent olden and traditional cities of the world with inhabitation dating back to more than 3000 years. In Sparta, women had rights that other Greek women did not have. On the other hand, Athens wanted to take control of more and more land in Greece. <(=^.^=)>, this website is amazing, just finished a paper with cites and qoutes. Athens vs Sparta! Athens is considered to have laid the structure and beginning of western civilization’s progress. The Athenian assembly, known as the “ekklesia”, sat to discuss political, militaristic and social matters and agendas in the pnyx. Athens Vs.Sparta Tyler King Greece, a country united by its name, but divided by its opinions, was separated into many city-states. Sparta led the Peloponnesian League which was an alliance of neighboring cities such as Elis, Tegea and Mantinea, and the League was also joined by Athens’ maritime rival – Corinth. By Van Bryan, Contributing Writer, Classical Wisdom . Home » Law » Difference Between Athens and Sparta (With Table). Civilization, Commercial development and intelligence. Land based army with no navy until the end of the Peloponnesian war. Spartathlon is a 246-kilometre (153 mi) ultramarathon race held annually in Greece since 1983, between Athens and Sparti, the modern town on the site of ancient Sparta.The spartathlon is based on the run of Pheidippides,  who ran from Athens to Sparta before the Battle of Marathon in a day and a half to seek aid against the Persians. They loved beauty, music, literature, drama, philosophy, politics, art, and sports. At time of Peloponnesian War 360,000-610,000, At time of Peloponnesian War 40,000-50,000, Mediterranean climate, but more dry with about 15 inches of rain per year. Athens vs. Sparta Ancient Greece was comprised of small city-states, of which Sparta and Athens were two. (History.com) Athens was also the oldest city-state in Ancient Greece. Sparta did not trade with other city-states because they did not want to be influenced y any outside cultures and were discouraged to study the ideas of literature, science and philosophy fearing the new ideas could endanger the state. Sparta, a town near the river Evrotas, is located in the center of the Peloponnese in southern Greece. The state of Athens became a democracy in about 500 BCE. Compared to the simple lifestyle of the Spartan people, Athenians had a very modern and open outlook. Though Athens and Sparta were quite similar in certain aspects such as close territorial proximity and defense goals; however, both of them also had their own distinct set of values and customs. The two most authoritative states were the two that were always at war. mandatory military service from age 7 to 60. Sparta was defeated by Thebes at the Battle of Leuctra in 371 B.C. Right from the time the child had birth till the person turned old, the endurance exercises were made compulsory such as leaving the child on a mountain overnight to test its strength and punishing small children very severely for unruly behaviour. Athens Asssemblies and Councils were chosen at random. Landlocked. Athens has found its name in Greek history for its undying wisdom and concentration on infrastructural development and Sparta for its military power. The right to participate in public life was therefore different in both states. The Spartan equivalent of the senate was its “gerousia”, while Ephors and the Kings would regularly attend the “apella” (general assembly) to develop and try to pass “rhetrai”, or motions and decrees. Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. In Sparta, women had rights that other Greek women did not have. The junior allies undertook that the allies and enemies of Sparta would be their … It could be said that some even loved battle itself. This idea eventually led to war between the Greeks. After many years of hard fighting, Sparta won the war. At a very young age, the boys were compulsorily being made to take military education and become paid soldiers. Also in a hilly area that provides natural defense. "Sparta focused on military strength and being obedient." Discipline and battles were at the forefront of the philosophy professed by Sparta. The slaves were treated badly by the Spartans even killing them on occasions. Sparta, also known by its ancient name Lacedaemon in honor of their legendary founder, is often considered to have been the most dominant military presence in ancient Greece. The most important imports were metals. However there were some things in Athens and Sparta which had striking similarities such as the worship of Greek gods and goddesses and the bravery on the war-front. Further battles led to the freedom of slaves. Approximately 140,000; Approximately 40,000 men were citizens; and slaves (about 40,000). If you read this far, you should follow us: "Athens vs Sparta." The word Sparta means simple and economical.
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